1) a suffix forming adjectives from nouns, with the meanings “pertaining to” (British; Spanish); “after the manner of,”“having the characteristics of,”“like” (babyish; girlish; mulish); “addicted to,”“inclined or tending to” (bookish; freakish); “near or about” (fiftyish; sevenish)
2) a suffix forming adjectives from other adjectives, with the meanings “somewhat,”“rather” (oldish; reddish; sweetish)
Etymology: ME; OE -isc; c. OFris, OOHG -isc, Go -isks, Gk -iskos; akin to -esque II
aff. a formative occurring in verbs borrowed from French
nourish; perish[/ex]
used rarely to form verbs in English from Latin bases
Etymology: < F -iss-, extended s. of verbs with infinitives in -ir « L -isc-, in inceptive verbs

From formal English to slang. 2014.

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